TERMS

General Terms

Numbers

Levels and Ranks

Kata Names

Kobudo or Weapons Art

Dachi or Stances

Te Waza or Hand Techniques

Uke Waza or Blocking Techniques

Geri Waza or Kicking Techniques



General Terms

Arigato gozaimasu

Thank you

 

Ashi

Foot

 

Budo

Martial Way

 

Bushido

Way of the Warrior

 

Chudan

Middle

 

Dachi

Stance

 

Do

Way, way of life

 

Dojo

Training Hall

 

Domo arigato gozaimasu

Thank you very much

 

Empi

Elbow

 

Gedan

Low

 

Gi

(Karate) Uniform

 

Go

Hard, strength

 

Gyaku

Reverse

 

Hai

Yes

 

Hajime

Begin / Start

 

Hansei

Review

 

Harai

Sweep

 

Hidari

Left

 

Hiza

Knee

 

Jodan

High

 

Ju

Soft, gentle

 

Jiu Kumite

Free Sparring

 

Kanji

Oriental writing, characters

 

Kara

Empty

 

Karate

Empty hand

 

Karate-Do

Empty Hand Way

 

Karate-ka

Karate practitioner

 

Kata

Forms

 

Keri

Kicking

 

Ki

Vital Energy

 

Kiai

Shout/Yell of Spirit

 

Kihon

Basics

 

Kime

Focus

 

Kiyo Tsuke

Attention

 

Kayotske

Attention

 

Kobudo

Weapon Art

 

Kumite

Sparring

 

Kun, Dojo Kun

Mottos, Sayings, Dojo Mottos

 

Makiwara

Striking Board

 

Migi

Right

 

Mizu No Kokuro

Mind Like Water

 

Mu Shin

Being Free of Ego

 

Mukso

Meditate / eyes shut

 

Obi

Belt

 

Onegai shimasu

Please, please teach me/let me train with you

 

Rei

Bow

 

Seiza

Seated posture

 

Shiai Kumite

Competition Sparring

 

Shomen

Front

 

Shomen ni rei

Face the front and bow

 

Tamashiwara

Test of Breaking

 

Tanden

Point just below the navel, point of strength

 

Te

Hand

 

Yame

Stop

 

Yasume

rest

 

Yoko

Side

 

Yoi

Ready

 

Waza

Techniques

 

Zen

Meditation / Buddhist sect

 

Zen Shin

Zen Mind

 

Zazen

Meditate

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Numbers

One

Ichi

 

Two

Ni

 

Three

San

 

Four

Shi

 

Five

Go

 

Six

Roku

 

Seven

Shichi

 

Eight

Hachi

 

Nine

Ku

 

Ten

Ju

 

Twenty

Niju

 

Thirty

Sanju

 

Forty

Yonju

 

Fifty

Goju

 

Sixty

Rokuju

 

Seventy

Nanaju

 

Eighty

Hachiju

 

Ninety

Kuju

 

One Hundred

Hyaku

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Levels and Ranks

Kyu

Grades under black belt

Child

 

Dan

Rank of black belt; 1st = lowest 10th = highest

Adult

 

Mudansha

Colour belt holder, one who has not yet achieved black belt

All ages

 

Yudansha

Black belt holder

Adult

 

Kohai

Junior belt

Any age/ any belt

 

Senpai

Senior belt, big brother

Any age/ any belt

 

Sensei

One who has gone before.Who has already travelled the path you are on. (A person who knows more than you about a specific topic and is teaching you)

(It denotes wisdom one therefore does not usually use this term to refer to themselves)

30 years old min.

Yudansha

(black belt)

 

Renshi

Polished instructor

 4th – 5th Dan age 35+

 

Kyoshi

Professor capable of teaching the philosophy of the martial arts

7th-8th Dan

50 years old min.

 

Hanshi

A teacher that can serve as an ideal model for others, or a senior master

9th Dan

65 years old min.

 

Shihan

A teacher, 6th dan in most ryu. The title Shihan is conferred upon a martial artist who has been promoted in a particular ryu with a teaching certification and is held in high esteem due to knowledge and support to the ryu.

Age 40+

 

Dojo-Cho

Head of the dojo

-

 

Shibu-Cho

Head of a branch group

-

 

Kon-cho

Head Of School or Org.

-


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Kata Names

Fukyu Kata Dai Ichi

Fundamental Kata One

and Meanings

Fukyu Kata Dai Ni

Fundamental Kata Two

— Please see kata

Geki sai dai Ichi / Ni

Attack and Smash One / Two

page for detailed

Sanchin

Three Battles

description

Saifa

Destroy & Defeat

 

Tensho

Rotating Palms

 

Seisan

13 HANDS

 

Seiunchin

To Pull off balance and Fight

 

Shisochin

Battle in 4 directions

 

Sanseiru

36 HANDS

 

Seipai

18 HANDS

 

Kururunfa

Draw in, Devestate and destroy
 

Suparinpei

108 HANDS

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Kobudo or Weapons Art

Bo ("rokushaku")

A wooden staff, approximately 6 feet/180 cm in length

 

Sai

A steel pronged truncheon

 

Nunchaku

2 section 12-14" staff, joined end to end by short cord or chain

 

Tunfa (Tuifa, Tonfa)

A side handle baton

 

Eku

Oar or paddle

 

Kama

a common sickle with a sharp curved steel blade and wooden handle

 

Tinbe & Rochin

Shield and short spear

 

Tekko

Knuckles

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Dachi or Stances

Musubi Dachi

Formal attention / Open toe stance

 

Heiko Dachi

Natural stance / Parallel stance

 

Hachiji Dachi

Natural stance (feet shoulder width apart, toes - slightly out)

 

Sanchin Dachi

Basic Hourglass Stance

 

Zenkutsu Dachi

Forward stance

 

Shiko Dachi

Sumo / Straddle leg stance

 

Kokutsu Dachi

Back stance

 

Neiko Ashi Dachi

Cat stance

 

Heisoku Dachi

Normal / Feet together stance

 

Tsuruashi Dachi

Crane Stance

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Te Waza or Hand Techniques

Oi Zuki..

Lunge punch

 

Gyaku Zuki

Reverse punch

 

Mawashi Zuki

Round house punch

 

Morote Zuki

Two Fisted Punch

 

Hiraken Zuki

Long Fist Punch

 

Kazami Zuki

Jab Punch

 

Tate Zuki

Straight / vertical punch

 

Ura Zuki

Short Punch

 

Seiken

Fist

 

Rekken / Uraken

Back Fist Punch

 

Keiko / Keikoken Zuki

One knuckle fist punch

 

Empi Uchi

Elbow strike

 

Teisho Uchi

Palm heel strike

 

Nukite Uchi

Finger tip strike

 

Haito Uchi

Inner knife / ridge hand strike

 

Shuto Uchi

Knife hand strike

 

Teitsui Uchi

Hammer fist strike

 

Koken Uchi

Wrist Strike

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Uke Waza or Blocking Techniques

Gedan Barai

Low block (downward sweep)

 

Chudan Uke

Inside circular block

 

Jodan Uke

High block

 

Uchi Uke

Middle inside block

 

Soto Uke

Middle outside block

 

Shuto Uke

Knife hand block

 

Teisho Uke

Palm heel block

 

Tora Guchi (Mawashi Uke)

Round house circle block

 

Morote Uke

Double block

 

Kake Uke

Hook block

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Geri Waza or Kicking Techniques

Mae Geri

Front kick

 

Yoko Geri

Side kick

 

Mawashi Geri

Round house kick

 

Hiza Geri

Knee kick

 

Ushiro Geri

Back kick

 

Ashi Barai

Foot sweep

 

Gyaku Mawashi Geri

Reverse round house kick

 

Haisoku Geri

Kicking with the instep

 

Sokuto Geri

Kicking with the foot edge

 

Kensetsu Geri

Stamping kick

 

Teisoku geri

Crescent kick

 

Tobi Geri

Jumping Kick

 

Nidan Geri

Double Kick

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